Chronicling the Bottom Up
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Top-Down and Bottom-up Drivers of Terrorist Innovation—Al Qaeda and the Case of 9/11 How do terrorist groups actually innovate? The meager literature on the subject suggests that innovation in terrorist groups is exclusively a top-down phenomenon: a process driven by the senior leadership of the organization. Scholars cite the key role played by Shoko Asahara in pushing Aum Shinrikyo’s development of nerve gas and point to Brazilian revolutionary Carlos Marighela’s central role in devising the strategy of ...
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Got Twitter? What's Your Influence Score - NYTimes MAGINE a world in which we are assigned a number that indicates how influential we are. This number would help determine whether you receive a job, a hotel-room upgrade or free samples at the supermarket. If your influence score is low, you don't get the promotion, the suite or the complimentary cookies. Companies with names like Klout, PeerIndex and Twitter Grader are in the process of scoring millions, eventually billions...
Influencing the Influencers brands are having a harder time reaching consumers because advertising is no longer trusted and folks are just plain skeptical of the promises made and so rarely kept. Enter the new Influencer Dynamic -- a new way to connect brands to consumers via social media influencers. Brands locate and court the influencer with products and other perks, and the influencer ignites the social buzz. In turn, the influencers work on boost...
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21 Essential Social Media Resources You May Have Missed some easy ways to make a difference with social media, a look at how video conferencing technology is improving education, some new social strategies for businesses of any size, and much more.

The Obama Disconnect: What Happens When Myth Meets Reality | techPresident Obama may have started out bottom up, maybe not, Maybe it was a cultivated image... and certainly, when he got to the whitehouse, he threw away bottom up ideas.

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